Athena Institute Investigations

Magyar

Outlaws’ Army

  • Original name: Betyársereg
  • Year of formation: 2008
  • Presumed No. of members: 60
  • Presumed seat: Southern Great Plains Region (Szeged)
  • Presumed leader(s): Zsolt Tyirityán
  • Ideology: racist extremism, Hungarian supremacism
  • Threat level: 5
  • Active/Inactive: Active


Last updated: 07. 07. 2014.

The Outlaws’ Army emerged from the periphery of the more influential extremist groups (Guards Movement, Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement). The founders’ explicit goal with the group is to establish an “elite unit” that only those can join who have absolute ideological commitment and are in great form physically. The group regularly joins the propaganda actions and intimidation campaigns of other organisations like the Guards Movement, Sixty-four Counties, Pax Hungarica, etc. The group’s ideology is based on racism, anti-Semitism, homophobia, chauvinism and Hungarism. The members of the group explicitly define themselves as outlaws and they romanticise violence. This is not surprising, since most of the members have a criminal past and there is circumstantial evidence that suggests that the group has connections to organised criminal groups. The Outlaws' Army also has close ties to the K1 martial arts scene.Their leader, Zsolt Tyirityán, has long been a known figure of the far-right subculture. During several propaganda actions he has called on his audience to be prepared to even kill members of the Roma and Jewish communities if they want to survive the coming “racial war”.

In early July, 2014, the Outlaws' Army, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the kuruc.info, the Hungarian National Front and other extremist groups are carrying out an aggressive hostile propaganda campaign against the LGBTQ community in relation to the Budapest Pride.

In late April, 2014, the For a Better Future Hungarian Self Defence, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws' Army and a parliamentary party carried out a joint propaganda action at Tiszafüred.

In mid-March, 2014, the Romanian authorities proposed a ban that would bar the leaders and certain members of some Hungarian extremist groups (New Hungarian Guard, Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, Outlaws' Army) and a parliamentary party from entering the country.

In mid-April, 2014, the Outlaws' Army, the Hungarian National Front and the kuruc.info extremist groups published propaganda articles that hailed Hitler.

In late February, 2014, the Outlaws' Army carried out a propaganda action in Jászberény, where they announced the establishment of their new „Jászság Clan”.

In late February, 2014, the Outlaws' Army and a parliamentary party carried out joint propaganda actions in Gödöllő and Szekszárd.

In mid-February, 2014, members of the Outlaws' Army extremist group „provided security” for a parliamentary party's propaganda event in Esztergom that was held in a former synagogue.

In mid-February, 2014, the Outlaws Army and the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement carried out a joint propaganda action in Székesfehérvár.

In early February, 2014, Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaws' Army extremist group, gave a propaganda speech at Pécs. At the event Tyirityán said that in America, journalists like Olga Kálmán have been executed; and that „he is only saying it as a joke”, but it might be a better solution for the problems of the people with debts in foreign currencies if one started killing the banks and tax advisers, like extremists had done in America.

In early February, 2014, several Hungarian extremist groups, i.e. members of the the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws' Army, the Hungarian National Front and the Blood & Honour Hungary participated in the yearly propaganda action, called „Day of Honour”, which is still one of the most important propaganda events of the far-right extremists.

In late January, 2014, the Outlaws' Army carried out a propaganda action at Pécs. Anti-fascist groups tried to organise a demonstration against said action. In reaction, the Outlaws' Army launched an intimidation campaign against the leaders of the anti-fascists.

In mid-January, 2014, the Outlaws' Army carried out a propaganda action, called “Muster”, at Vecsés.

In late November, 2013, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement and the Outlaws' Army published a propaganda video in which they say that “Down with the republic, death to democracy! We continue the legacy of 56 and we will finish it”. And that they “warn the ruling class that they will ignite whole Europe, if they rise again”.

In mid-November, 2013, the Outlaws' Army carried out an anti-Roma propaganda action at Vác, during which Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the extremist group told people to „stop being the prey and start being predators”.

In mid-November, 2013, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement and the Outlaws' Army carried out a joint propaganda action, during which they expressed their solidarity with the Greek Golden Dawn extremist group.

In late October, 2013, the New Hungarian Guard, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws' Army and the Pax Hungarica carried out a joint propaganda action at Székesfehérvár.

In late October, 2013, the Pax Hungarica, the Splinter Hungarian National Front and the Outlaws' Army carried out a joint propaganda action in the Corvin Passage, Budapest, during which Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaws' Army said that „burning financial institutions are going to be symbols of our age”.

In late September, 2013, the New Hungarian Guard, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws' Army and a parliamentary party carried out a hostile propaganda action against the Hungarian Roma community at Németkér.

In late June, 2013, the For a Better Future Hungarian Self Defence, the New Hungarian Guard, the Hungarian National Guard, the Outlaws’ Army, the Sixty-four Counties Youth movement and a parliamentary party carried out an anti-Roma propaganda action at Karcag.

In mid-June, 2013, the Outlaws’ Army carried out propaganda actions all over the country, exploiting the floods.

In early June, 2013, a parliamentary party, the Outlaws’ Army and the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement carried out a joint propaganda action at Gödöllő.

At the end of April, 2013, the New Hungarian Guard, the Outlaws’ Army, the For a Better Future Hungarian Self Defence and a parliamentary party carried out a propaganda action at Hajdúhadház.

In mid-April, 2013, the For a Better Future Hungarian Self Defence, the New Hungarian Guard, The Hungarian National Guard, the Outlaws’ Army, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement and a parliamentary party carried out a propaganda action at Cegléd.

In early April, 2013, the police took the statements (as witnesses) of Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaws’ Army, and László Toroczkai, leader of the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, because of the events that had taken place in Devecser last summer.

In mid-March, 2013, the Outlaws’ Army extremist group’s homepage is live again, after it had been offline for months.

In mid-February, 2013, the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the Outlaws’ Army, the New Hungarian Guard and a parliamentary party carried out a propaganda action at Székesfehérvár.

In mid-December 2012, a parliamentary party, together with the New Hungarian Guard, the Outlaws’ Army and the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement extremist groups, carried out a propaganda action in the Ukraine.

On 23 October 2012, the Pax Hungarica extremist group carried out a propaganda action on the anniversary of the 1956 revolution. On this propaganda event Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaws’ Army, gave a hostile propaganda speech against the Hungarian Jewish community. In this speech he said that “these kinds of people” should be put into freight cars again and taken far away to work. (You can watch the video in Hungarian under the 'Quotes' tab)

At the beginning of October 2012, György Budaházy, ex-leader of the now defunct The Arrows of the Hungarians National Liberation Amy, who is still under home detention due to terrorism charges, interviewed Zsolt Tyirityán, the leader of the Outlaws’ Army extremist group. During the interview the two extremists agreed that racial war is nigh both in Europe and in Hungary. In Hungary it will be inevitable because we “overbred the Gypsies”, who have “a genetic code that cannot be changed”. Hence, according to Tyirityán, “even though we cannot annihilate them”, an “apartheid system should be put into place”, since “The Gypsy have no place in the lebensraum of the Hungarians”.
The leader of the Outlaws’ Army also said that they organise self-defence trainings for young people. Such a training is already going on at Gyula, but they are planning on launching more in Budapest and Eger.
 

At the beginning of September, 2012, Zsolt Tyirityán, the leader of the Outlaws’ Army extremist group, is spreading hostile propaganda against the Hungarian Roma community.

At the end of August, 2012, the webpage of the Outlaws’ Army was down for at least four days, after the Anonymous Operation Hungary – the Hungarian branch of the international hacker group – had carried out a DDoS (distributed denial of service) attack against the site.

At the beginning of August, 2012, a parliamentary party with the Sixty-four Counties Youth Movement, the New Hungarian Guard and the Outlaws’ Army carried out a hostile propaganda action at Devecser against the Hungarian Roma community. The action was followed by small violent events.

On 8 July 2012, the New Hungarian Guard and the Outlaws’ Army is planning to carry out a hostile propaganda action (“peace march”) with the support of a parliamentary party at Hort, which is a settlement less than 20 kilometres away from Gyöngyöspata. The extremist groups want to use the same scare tactic to intimidate the Roma minority that they had used at Gyöngyöspata last year. Their pretext for the demonstration is the murder of a young local resident who was allegedly killed by members of the local Roma community, and their allegations that the “police do nothing to solve the crime”. The Institute has published several analyses of the tactics employed by the extremists at Gyöngyöspata that you can read here and here.

Mid-April, 2012, the Sixty-four County Youth Movement invited Zsolt Tyirityán the leader of the Outlaws' Army extremist group to hold a lecture in Kaposvár titled „The historic and scientific overview of rebellion”.

Early April, 2012, National Police ended the investigation related to the Outlaws' Army leader Zsolt Tyirityán's statements, becasuse according to the available data the commission of crime cannot be determined. The extremist leader was accused of inciting hatred with the statement of „Are we going to be firm enough to shoot down a rotten, crappy Jew?” in August, 2011.

Mid-March, 2012, to confront a demonstration held in Budapest for the Hungarian press freedom a counterprotest is organized by an unidentified extremist group. According to unconfirmed sources György Budaházy, leader of the Hunnia movement accused of several terrorism related charges, Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaws' Army and László Toroczkai, leader of the Sixty-four County Youth Movement also joined to the counterprotest.

In March, 2012, members of the New Hungarian Guard extremist group are to take an oath in Esztergom. A parliamentary party, the Outlaws' Army and the Sixty-four County Youth Movement will also be present on the propaganda event.

Early March, 2012, the For a Better Future Civic Guard Association, the New Hungarian Guard, the Outlaws' Army, the Soldiers of the Defense Force extremist groups and a parliamentary party are about to hold a protest in Jászjákóhalma titled „Demonstration for the public order”.

Mid-February, 2012, the Hungarian National Front attacked in a declaration the Pax Hungarica, Outlaws' Army, Sixty-four County Youth Movement groups related to their „Day of Honor” events. The attack is the evolution of the extremist groups' rivalry that started earlier.

Mid-February, 2012, the Pax Hungarica, the Outlaws' Army and the Sixty-four County Youth Movement groups participated in the „Day of Honor” propaganda event at Normafa in Budapest. Extremists from other countries – especially from Germany - were also present. The event did not reach its goal as it did not garner serious media attention. National Police proved to be successful in maintaining the public order.

Early February, 2012, to confront a demonstration held in front of a Budapest theater that became a symbol of domestic political debates a counterprotest was organized by an unidentifed extremist group. The New Hungarian Guard, the Outlaw’s army were present while several other groups carried out intense propaganda campigns in connection with the event. Uniformed members of the New Hungarian Gruard were marching in formation while the counterprotesters shouted anti-Semitic slogans. Several of them were detained by National Police which proved to be successful in maintaining order. Paricipating extremist groups, on the other hand, were able to garner significant national media attention. The Institute warned against the risk of potential escalation in a recent Incident Report

Mid-January, 2012, the New Hungarian Guard, the Sixty-four County Youth Movement, the Outlaws' Army extremist groups and a parliamentary party commemorated Lajos Nagy gendarme commander in Kisberzseny.

Founders of Outlaws’ Army László Toroczkai and Zsolt Tyirityán have all been well known figures of right-wing extremism in the past years. Established in 2008, the hate group defines itself as a “self-defense army” and identifies with the outlaw culture of the old times, which the leaders of the group have twisted and misused for their extremist cause. The organization completely rejects the democratic system of the Republic of Hungary and exempts its members from abiding by its laws.

No single ideology defines the Outlaws’ Army; neo-Nazis, Hungarists and Royalists can all be found among its members. The mission of the organization is to “establish a new healthy caste upon which every healthy society can then build, especially in the domain of national defense”. To this end they regularly conduct paramilitary and martial arts trainings, physical fitness exercises for their members.

Applicants must meet stringent admission criteria. Indicative of the priorities of the organization is that admission depends on the applicant’s physical condition, while “criminal record does not lead to exclusion, most outlaws have a criminal history”. Unlike its kindred paramilitary organizations, the Outlaws’ Army does not employ a hierarchical organizational structure and lacks a central leadership. The organization is a loose alliance of “clans”, which are informally bound to provide assistance to each other.

They first appeared in public in 2008 at an anti-Trianon rally in Budapest. Spokesperson of the horseback riders wearing black uniforms and covering their faces with black scarves László Toroczkai declared that “they would not only demonstrate and speak out against the economic and social measures, but the time has also come that the dreadful bullwhip of the outlaws strikes a good bust on the nose of these arrogant folks”.

The hate group maintains strong relationships with several other Hungarian extremist organizations. The “radical national” organizations of Hungary like the Outlaws’ Army, Hungarian Guard, the 64 Provinces Youth Movement and others concluded a long-term cooperation agreement in Szeged in 2009 in which they agreed on common goals they would pursue. They agreed, among others, that they would join their forces and act together in order to prevent the Budapest Gay Pride Parade from taking place.

The group took part in an event organized by Pax Hungarica in October 2010 to commemorate, besides the 1956 revolution, the “heroes” of the 1944 coup d’état of the Arrow Cross Party led by Ferenc Szálasi. In his address spokesperson of the Outlaws’ Army, Zsolt Tyirityán spoke about the “clash of races” and the all decisive qualities of violence.

In March, 2011 members of the New Hungarian Guard under the flag of the ‘For a Better Future’ Civic Guard Association organized a racist extremist campaign against the Roma community of Gyöngyöspata. Later, the Outlaws’ Army also joined to the racist power demonstration. Their provocations (fighting dogs, axes, whips) were unsuccessful.

In April, 2011, when he was asked about the Hungarian Government's aspirations to weaken and dissolve paramilitary and extremist groups active in Hungary, Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaw’s Army claimed that “the Outlaw’s Army is a myth and a conviction that can never be dissolved. […] Several Zionist groups incite Gypsies to rebel against the Hungarian society […] As a consequence of this incitement, the Gypsies as a foreign race make an effort to increase their 'living space' (Lebensraum). Thus we have to build up our natural self-defense.” According to Zsolt Tyirityán “the common genetics and survival instinct is going to ensure cooperation among far-right extremist groups in case of civil war between Gypsies and Hungarians”.

In April, 2011, Soldiers of the Defense Force in line with its previous plans started to build up a „joint” paramilitary training facility in the village of Gyöngyöspata. According to unconfirmed press reports the preparations are also attended by the Outlaw’s Army and - under the flag of the ‘For a Better Future’ Civic Guard Association - the New Hungarian Guard. On April 22, hundreds of Roma women and children were evacuated from the village of Gyöngyöspata because of the Soldiers of the Defense Force’s paramilitary training camp near their homes. The event was called-off after the National Police took eight members of the extremist group into custody. Later, the Court of Eger released the accused and closed the case, members of the Defense Force and Outlaws Army extremist groups returned to Gyöngyöspata. After renewed provocations by ectremist elements, a serious clash erupted during the night of April 26. Three people were hospitalized after the incident. The hate group uses the developments to organize a racist extremist campaign. According to an interview published in May, 2011 the leader of the Outlaws’ Army presents the clash as an assassination attempt against members of the hate group and asks for financial support - also providing bank account details - for his organization.

Laszlo Toroczkai, a leader of the Outlaw’s Army during a demonstration he organized before the building of Constitution Protection Office (the Hungarian counter-intelligence service) agitated against the Hungarian Roma community stating also that the ‘real victims’ of the incident that took place in Gyöngyöspata were members of the extremist Outlaw’s Army - who are charged with multiple criminal charges.

Laszlo Toroczkai launched an intense propaganda campaign against the Budapest Pride that will take place on Saturday. In a statement published by several far-right internet sites the extremist leader labels the Budapest Pride as the „enemy rally” and urges „real patriots” to actively confront it. By providing exact time and location, he is also engaged in coordinating counter-action. The extremist leader is currently being a subject of criminal charges following a similar campaign against previous Budapest Prides.

During an interview aired by France2 in mid-June, 2011 members of the Outlaw's Army extremist group - one of them showing a firearm to the camera - claim that their aim is to exterminate or expel the Hungarian Roma community.

© France Télévisions

“Hunnia has reborn on the streets of Budapest. It also became clear that the National Police won’t be our allied. So, we have to defeat them.” – According to László Toroczkai, a leader of the the Outlaws’ Army and Hunnia Movement, an organization whose members are charged with committing multiple terrorist attacks, the extremist campaign against the Budapest Pride was a clear success. National Police, blocking any attempt of possible physical attacks against the Budapest Pride Parade, separated demonstrators from far-right extremist protesters. László Toroczkai called members of participating extremist organizations for initiating a law suit against the Hungarian State asking for compensation because “nearly a thousand people were closed illegally at the square of Oktogon”. According to his statement the amount resulting from a possible favorable ruling will provide financial assistance to extremist organizations he oversees and to György Budaházy who is charged with committing terror attacks.

Toroczkai László, a leader of the Outlaws’ Army and several other extremist groups is to organize a demonstration in the international music festival, Sziget with the aim of provocation. The far-right extremist activist is known since the Budapest riots in 2006. In the recent past he organized extremist campaigns against the Budapest Pride while also protested against activities of the Hungarian intelligence services. As detailed in a previous Incident Report of the Institute, extremist elements are fighting systemic cultrure wars – “by other means”.

As many other European extremists, László Toroczkai also received a letter from the perpetrator of the Norwegian terror attacks. According to Toriczkai’s statements they had never communicated before. In the document released just before the attacks, the Norwegian extremist mentioned HVIM, one of the extremist groups Toroczkai is leading.

The Prosecution Office launched an investigation against the "youth movement" led by László Toroczkai. During a demonstration in March, 2011 a leader of the organization called for forming a national "resistence army": “Our combat methods have to be changed. (…) I am asking you to attend combat sport activities and get acquainted with guns because there can be a time when one goes to work in the morning and explodes something in the evening.”

National Police ended a self-promoting action organized by a youth organization and members of the Outlaw's Army led by a Member of the Parliament (honorary president of the youth organization) that was planned to be a demonstration against the 'Sziget' Festival. The far-right MP and ten other participant were detained.

In early August, 2011, during a far-right festival Zsolt Tyirityán, leader of the Outlaw's Army gave a 'presentation' about 'guerrilla warfare'. In the speech, the extremist leader said that „we must reach a point when if one sees another skin color, he is able to pull the trigger of an automatic weapon” and „are we going to be firm enough to shoot down a rotten, crappy Jew?” These statements generated an intense media coverage as well as political manueverings while also leading to investigations by law-enforcement. The Athena Institute informed the public about similar statements made by the leadership of the extremist group as early as December, 2010 („the clash of races is permanent and humanism does not exist”). However, statements about tactics that should be followed by the extremist organization that set the IRA as an example are at least as noteworthy.

Early August, unknown perpetrators committed an arson attack against a bar in Pécs that played an important role as a hub of the local far-right while also serving as a venue of propaganda and recruitment campaigns for several extremist groups. The venue became unusable. According to statements of extremist leader Laszlo Toroczkai, the bar was operated by a member of his ‘youth organization’ (HVIM). In a statement released on far-right internet sites, the Outlaw’s Army said that it will retaliate against the perpetrators.

Following the incident that took place on the ‘Hungarian Island’, a criminal investigation was launched on suspicion of instigation against a community against Zsolt Tyirityan, leader of the Outlaw’s Army.

Late September, 2011, Zsolt Tyirityan leader of the extremist organization attacked a Member of the Parliament during an event organized by a “civic guard association”. The MP suffered minor injuries.

Early October, 2011, Laszlo Toroczkai, a leader of the Outlaw’s Army and a “youth movement” was convicted by the Metropolitan Court of Budapest for violating the right of assembly after, in 2009, the extremist leader published an article titled ‘We will need ammunition’. According to the Court, the article was a call to disrupt the Budapest Gay Pride with violent means. The Court released Mr. Toroczkai for two years probation.

The below video - available only in Hungarian - shows Zsolt Tyirityan, leader of the Outlaw’s Army extremist group speaking at a propaganda event organized by Pax Hungarica to ‘commemorate’ the ’56 Revolution. In early August, Mr. Tyirityan drew nationwide condemnation after proclaiming “we must reach a point when if one sees another skin color, he is able to pull the trigger of an automatic weapon” and „are we going to be firm enough to shoot down a rotten, crappy Jew?” In this speech, he repeated the same words reframing his message to fit the ’56-context by declaring: “Heros and martyrs must be remembered, but we remain true to them only, if we carry on with the same mission for what they gave their life. That is why I ask you to step into the battle not only symbolically, but physically; we shall create a real radical resistance, then form an unbreakable shield to be ready both mentally, physically and emotionally to pull the trigger of that automatic weapon.”

In relation to the incident, an Early Warning Dispatch released by the the Institue analyses the threat posed by further radicalizion and the potential of lone wolves.

An internet site with ties to the Outlaw’s Army has released an audio file containing National Police radio transmissions during an October 23, 2008 protest providing insights to police procedures and tactics.

Early December, 2011, a handful of extremist groups - among them Pax Hungarica and the Outlaw's Army - launched preparations for next year's 'day of honor', the largest extremist propaganda campaign organized in Hungary. (The Institute reflected on some key aspects of the event in a previous Early Warning released past February.)

 

"It is unnecessary to ask us to go out somewhere because there are problems with the gypsies. Our few hundred men cannot and will not keep the order throughout the country - that otherwise would be the duty of the police in a normal country and not that of ours. The gypsies are troubling everywhere. [...] Email inquiries asking or ordering us to break one's leg or murder someone will immediately be deleted. [...] Not to mention that if one wants to break the other's leg, then he shall be a man and break it himself, but not to ask us. We are aware that our group is under the surveillance of authorities, thus we are also going to use our mind, not just our fist."

 

(Announcement, the Outlaw's Army, 2011.)

„What do we learn from the heroes of 1956? Fight for your life! This is the only message they have for us (…) and that the clash of races is permanent and humanism does not exist. It is only the human instinct that finally prevails in service to one genuine ideal.”

(Zsolt Tyirityán, 2010.)

“What do you think about Adolf Hitler?
He was an influential European politician who hasn't got the rightful acknowledgement, yet."

(Interview with Zsolt Tyirityán, 2010.)
 

„We do not value the laws of the republic too much; however, we do abide by and enforce, under any circumstances, the ancient law of the Steppes.”

(Who we are? – Outlaws’ Army website, 2009.)